Some treatments for uterine fibroids include removing them surgically, removing the whole uterus through a hysterectomy, cutting off their blood supply, or shrinking them temporarily through medication, says WebMD. Alternative medicine, such as dietary changes and use of enzymes, lacks scientific evidence to back its claims, notes Mayo Clinic.
A myomectomy is the surgical removal of uterine fibroids, explains WebMD. Doctors sometimes use this procedure when the fibroids are preventing pregnancy. Various techniques include making tiny incisions via laparoscopy, making vaginal incisions called hysteroscopy, or using robot instruments. Depending on the location of the uterine fibroid, a larger incision may be necessary.
Nonsurgical treatments for uterine fibroids involve stopping their blood supply. This is called uterine fibroid embolization, or uterine artery embolization, and reduces the growths, says WebMD. Another nonsurgical treatment uses intense ultrasound to break down the fibroids. In addition, using extreme cold, called cryomyolysis, or laser, called myolysis, destroys tissues and eliminates uterine growths.
To temporarily shrink uterine fibroids, hormone treatment over several months uses a gonadotropin-releasing analogue, advises WebMD. This process induces a menopause-like condition and may provide short-term relief to uterine fibroids before surgery; however, the growths recur after therapy. Uterine fibroids shrink by themselves with the onset of menopause.