Doctors treat urinary tract infections with antibiotics, according to Mayo Clinic. Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, amoxicillin, nitrofurantoin, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin are some antibiotics that treat urinary tract infections. The doctor chooses the antibiotic that best treats the bacterium that is causing the infection.
Once a patient begins taking antibiotics, symptoms usually clear up within a few days, notes Mayo Clinic. Patients must complete all the medication as directed to ensure total eradication of the infection. Patients with severe urinary tract infections may require intravenous administration of antibiotics in a hospital setting.
Drinking plenty of water helps dilute the urine and flush out bacteria from the urinary tract, states Mayo Clinic. Avoiding citrus juices, caffeine, alcohol and soft drinks is helpful, as these can irritate the bladder. Using a warm heating pad on the abdomen can alleviate discomfort.