Treatment options for tinnitus fall under the categories of addressing underlying conditions, noise suppression and medication therapy, explains Mayo Clinic. Tricyclic antidepressants and alprazolam are two medications that sometimes reduce the symptoms of tinnitus, but they do not cure the condition and come with side effects.
Tinnitus sometimes develops as a result of treatable health conditions, in which case addressing the underlying cause may eliminate the ringing, buzzing, clicking, roaring or hissing sound in the ears, notes Mayo Clinic. Impacted earwax is one easy-to-treat cause of tinnitus; removing the earwax can reduce or eliminate the symptoms. Blood vessel conditions also sometimes produce annoying sounds in the ear, and medication or surgery is sometimes effective at addressing such conditions. Another potential cause is taking certain medications. Switching to a different medication, stopping the medication or reducing the dose may get rid of the tinnitus.
Some patients achieve relief from tinnitus by using an electronic device that produces white noise, making the tinnitus sounds less noticeable, states Mayo Clinic. There are white noise machines that produce sounds that mimic sounds in nature, such as the sound of falling rain, that may prove helpful. Another option is to use household appliances, such as air conditioners, fans and humidifiers, to incorporate white noise into a room. Additionally, there are in-ear masking devices that continually provide white noise wherever the wearer travels.