Treatment for spinal lesions include monitoring and observation, surgery and general cancer treatment, such as radiation and chemotherapy. Spinal lesions come in several varieties, and situate in different locations along the spine. Lesions higher on the base of the spine, toward the brain, typically receive nonsurgical treatment, as do lesions posing few other adverse health risks, such as spreading to other areas and rupturing.
Spinal lesions come in several types, including cancerous and noncancerous. All classify as abnormal collections of blood vessels on or around the spinal cord. These lesions range in size and severity. Some derive as secondary tumors, appearing on the spine from cancers elsewhere in the body, such as the breasts and prostate. Some lesions grow little over time and classify as benign. To reduce the risk of complications, which arise from spinal surgery, treating oncologists and physicians generally watch patients over time, monitoring lesions through recurring tests. When lesions bleed or derive from malignant cancers, physicians typically intervene surgically. They remove lesions using several methods, including endovascular treatment, traditional surgery and a combination of both. Endovascular remedies include cutting off the blood flow to the lesion, and removing it along with portions of the spine. In these cases, surgeons repair vertebrae using artificial devices like plates and screws. According to Ohio State University, oncologists prescribe cancer treatment following removal for malignant tumors, using drugs, radiation and chemotherapy.