Treatments for spinal fracture include surgery or using a brace to balance the spine, according to WebMD. Percutaneous vertebroplasty or balloon kyphoplasty may be done to alleviate pain, strengthen the spine or regain normal height.
Tests to determine spinal fractures include X-ray, bone mineral density or computed tomography scans, notes WebMD. Surgery is done in extreme cases. Balloon kyphoplasty involves drilling a hole in the fractured bone, putting a balloon in the hole, and inflating the balloon to achieve a standard height. In percutaneous vertebroplasty, the doctor injects the spine with acrylic bone cement. Consistent weight training and strengthening exercises together with a diet comprised of high amounts of vitamin D and calcium may prevent spinal fractures.