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What are some treatments for skin infections caused by bacteria?

A:

Quick Answer

Treatments for skin infections caused by bacteria include antibiotics, WebMD states. Leprosy, staph infections, impetigo, boils and cellulitis are examples of bacterial skin infections. The symptoms and treatments for these infections vary.

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Full Answer

Staph infections usually originate from small cuts on the skin, WebMD explains. When bacteria enters the cut, it causes symptoms ranging from boils to flesh-eating infections.

Doctors usually use antibiotics to treat staph infections, Mayo Clinic adds. Some common antibiotics used to treat the condition are cephalosporins, nafcillin, sulfa drugs and vancomycin. Serious strains of staph are antibiotic-resistant, so doctors use vancomycin to treat serious infections. Other treatments require wound-draining or removal of any infected prosthetic devices in the body.

Leprosy sores are caused by a strain of slow-moving bacteria, WebMD says. Its treatments depend on the type of leprosy a patient contracts. Most people take two or more antibiotics for up to a year to cure the infection. Anti-inflammatory drugs such as steroids prevent nerve damage related to the infection. Some patients receive thalidomide, which suppresses the immune system. This treats skin nodules caused by leprosy.

Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection that affects mostly exposed areas of the body, WebMD states. Its treatment requires antibiotic ointments, Mayo Clinic elaborates. Warm water and compresses remove scabs caused by the infection. Some oral antibiotics prevent further spread of the infection throughout the body.

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