Second-degree burns may be treated at home with cool water, sterile gauze and over-the-counter pain medication. Third-degree burns are more serious, requiring emergency medical attention, states Mayo Clinic.
Burn patients should rinse the wound with cool, running water for five minutes, cover the burned area lightly with sterile gauze and take pain medication as needed, as instructed by Mayo Clinic. Burn victims should seek treatment with a medical provider at any sign of infection.
Hospitals treat third-degree burns by removing dead skin and administering pain medication to the patient. Common complications with such burns include infection and dehydration, as reported by University of Maryland Medical Center.