Medical interventions such as anti-inflammatories, muscle relaxants, narcotics, tricyclic antidepressants and anti-seizure medications may relieve the pain associated with sciatica. Home treatments are available to patients with sciatica, but those suffering from chronic, severe sciatica may need medical intervention to reduce the pain. Sciatica is the pain associated with the sciatic nerve, which results from a herniated disk or bone spur causing the partial compression of the nerve, according to the Mayo Clinic.
The Mayo Clinic further explains that sciatica can be treated through physical therapy, steroid injections and surgery. Sciatica pain can be significantly reduced through a rehabilitation program with a physical therapist. This method seeks to prevent recurrent injuries related to sciatic pain. Exercises that improve posture and strengthen back muscles can decrease sciatica.
To suppress inflammation and reduce pain around the sciatic nerve, doctors may treat the condition with steroid injections. Steroid injections are used with caution, as they are not a permanent solution and they come with serious side effects after long-term use. Surgery is an option for patients who are critically impaired by sciatica. If the nerve compression causes weaknesses or incontinence, then surgical removal of the herniated disk or bone spur is performed. The surgery releases the sciatic nerve from being pinched.