The best treatment for sciatic nerve pain depends on how severe the pain is, but ranges from applying hot and cold packs, to steroid injections around the nerve root, according to Mayo Clinic. In the severe cases, surgery may be the best option to relieve compression of the sciatic nerve.
For mild sciatic pain, a cold pack can be applied to the painful area for up to 20 minutes at a time, several times a day, states Mayo Clinic. After two or three days of icing, applying heat to the painful area can help relax the painful muscles to ease the pain. Stretching the lower back for 30 seconds at a time is another effective treatment for mild sciatic pain, as well as over-the-counter pain relievers.
For more serious sciatic pain, a doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication, muscle relaxants, anti-seizure medications or steroid injections, depending on the patient and the severity of the pain. Physical therapy involving stretching and improving flexibility can also help reduce the pain, according to Mayo Clinic. In the most serious cases, surgery may be required to remove the herniated disk or bone spur that is compressing the sciatic nerve.
Sciatica nerve pain is known as sciatica and causes pain, numbness, or muscle weakness from the lower back, through the buttocks and down each leg, according to the Cleveland Clinic. It usually occurs due to a herniated disk or a bone spur on the spin compressing part of the sciatic nerve.