Common treatments for reflex sympathetic dystrophy, also known as complex regional pain syndrome, include rehabilitation therapy, psychotherapy and oral medications, explains the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Doctors have also used sympathetic nerve block, spinal cord stimulation and surgical sympathectomy, though there is no guarantee of their effectiveness.
An exercise program designed to keep the painful limb or body part moving can improve blood flow and lessen circulatory symptoms while improving flexibility, strength and function, states the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Treating the psychological conditions that may develop in patients, such as depression, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder, is beneficial in lessening the perception of pain, making rehabilitation easier. NSAIDs, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen, may treat moderate pain, and corticosteroids may treat inflammation and swelling.