Treatments for tinnitus, or a ringing in the ears, include identifying the underlying cause, suppressing the noise and taking medications, says Mayo Clinic. Doctors also suggest avoiding irritants that worsen the noise, reducing stress and minimizing alcohol intake.
Tinnitus is sometimes associated with a health condition, and it can be treated by addressing the underlying problem, states Mayo Clinic. In some cases, removing earwax significantly reduces noise in the ears. If the cause of the tinnitus is a blood-vessel condition, physicians may prescribe medications or perform surgery. Doctors usually advise individuals to stop taking a particular drug or switch to a different medicine if the medication causes tinnitus.
Noise-suppressing electronic devices help reduce noise in the ears to make the sound less annoying, explains Mayo Clinic. These machines simulate natural, calming sounds, such as raindrops or ocean waves. Other good sources of white noise include fans, air conditioners, humidifiers and dehumidifiers. Soft music and low-volume radio static can also mask noise in the ears.
Drugs that can potentially relieve the symptoms of tinnitus include tricyclic antidepressants and alprazolam; however, side effects such as dry mouth, blurred vision and drowsiness have been associated with these medications, notes Mayo Clinic. It is important for individuals with tinnitus to avoid loud noises, alcohol, caffeine and nicotine as these factors can aggravate noise in the ears.