Some treatments for pinworms in kids include both over-the-counter and prescription medications, according to Mayo Clinic. Sometimes physicians advise treating all members of the household to prevent re-infection.
Over-the-counter treatment includes medications called pyrantel pamoate, as Mayo Clinic explains. They appear under brand names suchh as Reese's Pinworm Medication and Pin-X.
Prescription anti-parasite medications include mebendazole and albendazole, also available under the brand name Albenza, as Mayo Clinic states. Most pinworm patients require at least two doses of medication to eradicate the infestation. Sometimes patients experience mild gastrointestinal discomfort while taking these medications.
Pinworms are the most common parasite found in the United States, as Mayo Clinic reports. It is most commonly found in school-age children.
The worms are thin and white, measuring between one-quarter and one-half inch in length, Mayo Clinic says. The pinworm's microscopic eggs spread easily among children. In addition to medical treatment, it is important to wash underwear and bedding thoroughly to stop the infection from recurring.
Although many patients experience no symptoms, some patients report anal itching and difficulty sleeping, Mayo Clinic states. The female pinworm lays thousands of eggs in skin folds around the anus while the infected person is asleep, creating the symptoms.