Although treatments for paresthesia depend on the causes, symptoms and presence of coexisting diseases, the primary treatments typically include surgery, medications to relieve discomfort, and wearing loose clothing, says Mayo Clinic. Various tests and screenings are often ordered before treatment is determined.
Paresthesia is an abnormal skin sensation such as ticking, itching and tingling, and is usually associated with nerve damage, notes Mayo Clinic. It can happen in any part of the body, but is mainly common in arms, legs, feet and hands, notes Healthline. Some of its causes include transient ischemic attack, nerve compression, carpal tunnel syndrome, transverse myelitis and multiple sclerosis. Additional causes can include shingles, migraine headache and sitting with legs crossed. Nerve injury due to diabetes, and an increased pressure on the lateral femoral coetaneous nerve due to pregnancy or being overweight are the primary risk factors for this condition, according to Mayo Clinic.
Individuals who experience symptoms such as urinating more frequently than usual, having muscle spasms, and feeling dizzy should seek medical attention immediately, states Healthline. For the doctor to discover the causes of the condition and right treatments, patients have to provide information related to their recent injuries, infections and vaccinations, as well as previously diagnosed conditions and medications. Depending on the causes and symptoms, the doctor may order blood tests, thyroid function testing, nerve conduction studies, diagnostic imaging tests, and toxicology screening before the treatment.