Treatment for pain in the top of the foot includes oral anti-inflammatory medication, cortisone injections and stretching the calf muscles to increase mobility, according to the American Health Network. Functional orthotics are often recommended. In extreme cases, surgical exploration may be necessary.
Pain on the top of the foot or outer edge can also be treated by resting, icing and elevating the foot, explains WebMD. Patients recovering from a recent fracture may need to be immobilized to allow the sprain or fracture to heal, especially when swelling and bruising accompany pain or discomfort on the top of the foot.
Treatment for pain on top of the foot varies based on the cause of the pain or injury, according to the American Health Network. Individuals with a sudden onset of pain due to an injury often experience swelling that is painful to touch on the top of the foot. Pain on the top of the foot may also be caused by a stress fracture or when tendons attached to the toes are inflamed. Excessive tightness of the calf muscle can cause discomfort on the top of the foot. Individuals who wear high heels may also experience pain on the exterior portion of the foot.