Although muscle diseases cannot be cured, as of 2015, treatments include drug therapy, physical therapy, respiratory therapy, speech therapy and surgery. These help prevent or reduce symptoms, improving the quality of life for patients, the National Institutes of Heath explains. Exercises and physical activities can help reduce problems associated with muscle disease.
Patients that have weak facial or throat muscles often use special communication equipment to provide relief, or they learn to pause between breaths to slow their speech, claims the National Institutes of Health. Occupational therapy can help a patient relearn his previous movement abilities while teaching him how to use assistive devices, such as utensils and wheelchairs. Doctors may recommend a pacemaker for patients with myotonic muscular dystrophy to treat heart problems. Corrective surgery can treat myotonic by removing cataracts and other muscle conditions.
Medications such as anticonvulsants, glucocorticoids, antibiotics and immunosuppressants can prevent or reduce muscle problems, explains National institutes of Health. Antibiotics can treat respiratory problems, while anticonvulsants, which treat epilepsy, can be helpful in controlling muscle spasms and seizures. Immunosuppressants can slow the damage to dying muscle cells, and the daily use of glucocorticoids, such as prednisone, can improve muscle ability, strength and respiratory function, and it can delay the progression of weakness.