Antibiotics and other medications cannot treat mumps because it is caused by a virus; however, drinking enough fluids, eating a soft diet, taking over-the-counter pain relievers and applying cold compressions may reduce symptoms associated with the disease, according to Healthline. Avoiding acidic foods may also aid in relieving symptoms
Acetaminophen and ibuprofen may lower mumps-induced fever, explains Healthline. Placing ice cold packs over swollen glands several times a day may also help. Fever causes dehydration, so drinking plenty of fluids may help bring it down. A soft diet consists of yogurt, soup and other foods that are easy to chew. Resting when feeling tired may help reduce symptoms.
Symptoms of mumps include loss of appetite, headache, fever and fatigue, states Healthline. Muscle aches and swollen salivary glands may also signal that a person has the virus. Some people may have no signs or symptoms. If left untreated, mumps may cause pancreatitis and orchitis, which is the inflammation of the testicles and can cause infertility. Inflammation may spread to the brain, causing meningitis and encephalitis. Rarely, mumps causes permanent hearing loss.
Vaccination may help prevent mumps, according to Healthline. A person who loses consciousness, experiences serious headaches or has seizures should contact his doctor.