Although there is no cure for multiple sclerosis, medications are used to slow the progression of the disease, treat symptoms and promote faster recovery after an attack. Physical therapy and plasmapheresis are also used to treat multiple sclerosis, as reported by Mayo Clinic.
Corticosteroids reduce the nerve inflammation caused by a multiple sclerosis attack. Plasmapheresis is used to treat attacks that do not respond to steroid medications. During this procedure, plasma is removed from the blood and separated from the blood cells. After being mixed with a protein solution, the blood cells are put back in the patient's body, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
For a form of multiple sclerosis called relapsing-remitting MS, glatiramer acetate, teriflunomide, beta interferons and other drugs are used to reduce the relapse rate. Because multiple sclerosis sometimes causes muscle spasm or muscle stiffness, some patients engage in physical therapy to make it easier to perform normal activities. Medications are also used to reduce fatigue, decrease stiffness and relieve muscle spasms, as reported by Mayo Clinic.
Multiple sclerosis is a disease that causes the immune system to attack the protective covering around the nerve fibers. The protective covering is called myelin, as explained by WebMD. As the myelin wears away, the nerves underneath sustain damage that can lead to scarring.