Common treatments for low red blood cell counts include blood transfusions, medications and stopping the other treatments that are causing the cell count to decline. As low red blood cell counts are often a side effect of chemotherapy, in extreme cases, a delay of cancer treatment may be the best course of action until the patient's red blood cell count begins to rise, according to Mayo Clinic.
The type of treatment administered to each patient depends on that person's cancer treatment and physical condition, as Mayo Clinic explains. Patients can be given red blood cells from donor blood. There are medications that stimulate the production of red blood cells, but they may have side effects.
Medical treatment for low blood cell counts can be prolonged or potentially avoided by keeping the body healthy during cancer treatment, explains Mayo Clinic. Recommended strategies for increasing blood cell count, including red blood cell count, include eating a balanced diet, avoiding injury, avoiding germs and resting. As the body needs all the vitamins it can get during cancer treatment, a diet rich in fruits and vegetables is highly recommended. If complications from cancer treatment make eating a challenge, a professional can offer diet options.