Common treatments for low blood cell counts include blood transfusions, medications and stopping other treatments that are causing the cell count to decline. As low blood cell counts are most often a side effect of chemotherapy, in extreme cases, a delay of cancer treatment may be the best course of action until the patient's blood cell counts begin to rise, according to Mayo Clinic.
The type of treatment administered to each patient depends on the specific cancer treatment and physical condition of the individual, notes Mayo Clinic. In a blood transfusion, a patient is given either red blood cells or platelets from donor blood. Although medications are available to stimulate the production of blood cells, their risks and benefits should be weighed accordingly to fully consider possible side effects.
Medical treatment for low blood cell counts can be prolonged or potentially avoided by taking steps to keep the body healthy during cancer treatment, notes Mayo Clinic. Recommended strategies for increasing blood cell counts include eating a balanced diet, rest, avoiding injury and avoiding germs. As the body needs all the vitamins it can get during cancer treatment, a diet rich with fruits and vegetables is highly recommended. If complications from cancer treatment make eating a challenge, patients should experiment to find foods that are tolerable and discuss diet options with a health care team.