What Are Some Treatments for Leg Cramps?


Quick Answer

About.com states that massaging and stretching the cramped muscle and taking a hot bath or shower to relax the muscle are the best ways to treat leg cramps. Preventative measures, such as staying hydrated, stretching regularly and gradually building up training regimens, decrease the risk of leg cramps.

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What Are Some Treatments for Leg Cramps?
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Full Answer

About.com explains that leg cramps involve the sudden contraction of the calf, hamstring and quadriceps. If massaging, stretching and relaxing these muscles in warm water does not treat the leg cramps or they become a recurring problem, a doctor can determine if the potassium and electrolyte levels in the body are healthy. Prescription muscle relaxation medications are also available for persistent cramps that especially occur at night. Drinking at least three glasses of water a day and staying hydrated during and after exercise prevents leg cramps, and stretching before and after exercising prevents cramps by relaxing the muscles. Sudden changes in the intensity levels of a workout program are a common trigger for leg cramps; never increase one week’s workout so that it is more than 10 percent higher than the previous week.

About.com states that although the causes of leg cramps may vary, certain medications, electrolyte imbalances and high weight are related to the condition. Cramps occur most frequently in adolescents and those over 65 years of age.

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