An inflamed esophagus is treated with medications, surgery, the elimination of possible dietary allergens and avoiding or modifying problem drugs, explains Mayo Clinic. Treating an inflamed esophagus, or esophagitis, begins by identifying the cause of the inflammation. Changes in lifestyle can help prevent recurring symptoms and outbreaks of esophagitis.
Prescription and non-prescription medications such as Pepcid, Nexium, Maalox, Zantac and Prilosec are used to control acid reflux that causes esophagitis, notes Mayo Clinic. A medication called Baclofen is used to control acid reflux that occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter does not work correctly. A surgical procedure called fundoplication uses a piece of the stomach to strengthen the sphincter if medications do not control reflux; alternatively, a device called the Linx can be surgically implanted to help the sphincter function properly. Esophagitis caused by allergic reactions is treated by removing particular foods from the diet, and with steroid preparations prescribed by a doctor. When taking certain drugs causes esophagitis, a liquid version or an alternative drug is used instead.
Depending on the cause of the inflammation, avoiding certain medications and foods may decrease episodes of reflux, says Mayo Clinic. Losing weight and quitting smoking can reduce the symptoms of esophagitis. Taking pills with plenty of water, and refraining from sitting or lying down soon afterward, may help control symptoms. Waiting at least three hours after a meal before going to bed can reduce problems with esophagitis.