Doctors use different medications to help slow down the progression of IgA nephropathy and manage symptoms such as hypertension and swelling in the feet. Making dietary changes is necessary to help control swelling. There is no cure for IgA nephropathy, notes Mayo Clinic.
High blood pressure is the prevalent complication of IgA nephropathy, and using angiotensin receptor blockers or an angiotensin-converting enzyme helps reduce blood pressure and the amount of protein in the urine, according to Mayo Clinic. Taking omega-3 fatty acids helps ease inflammation in the glomeruli without leading to any side effects. Fish oil supplements contain omega-3 fatty acids, but it is necessary to seek a doctor's advice when using them.
A doctor may prescribe corticosteroid medications and other immunosuppressants to help support the function of the kidneys, states Mayo Clinic. However, these drugs can lead to other side effects such as high blood sugar or high blood pressure. Weighing the benefits against the risks is necessary before a patient uses them. Statin therapy and other cholesterol-lowering medications assist in slowing down kidney damage. Patients with consistent protein in the urine have reported improvement from using mycophenolate mofetil, but research has failed to identify the benefits of this drug. In some cases, doctors recommend patients to take low-protein diet.