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What are the treatments for frontal lobe dementia?

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Quick Answer

Treatment options for frontotemporal dementia include antidepressants, antipsychotic medications, therapy and certain lifestyle changes, explains Mayo Clinic. Treatment methods focus on managing symptoms because frontotemporal dementia has no cure, and no reliable method exists to slow its progression as of 2015.

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Certain antidepressants, such as trazodone, and serotonin re-uptake inhibitors, such as fluvoxamine and sertraline, may help to reduce behavioral symptoms associated with the condition, according to Mayo Clinic. Doctors may also prescribe antipsychotic medications such as quetiapine and olanzapine for behavioral symptoms, but side effects may be severe in older patients and may result in an increased mortality rate. Therapy for learning new methods of communication may be helpful in frontotemporal dementia patients who experience speech problems.

Some research supports the effectiveness of pet therapy, music therapy and aromatherapy in relieving symptoms of patients with dementia, and regular cardiovascular exercise can boost cognitive skills and mood, according to Mayo Clinic. As the condition progresses, patients need caregivers who can help them with transportation and daily activities, and adjustments to the home such as the removal of rugs may be helpful in preventing accidents. Caregivers may be able to curb behavioral symptoms by providing a structured routine, simplified tasks and a calm environment for patients.

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