Treatments for acute foot inflammation include resting the foot, applying ice, applying compression and elevating the foot, explains Foot Health Facts. Patients can remember these steps using the acronym RICE. If the inflammation is due to an underlying infection or chronic condition, treatment consists of addressing the underlying problem.
Acute foot inflammation occurs due to trauma, such as from a foot injury or surgical procedure, notes Foot Health Facts. The inflammation usually appears within two hours of the trauma. Applying ice to the inflamed area for 20 minutes and then repeating after 40 minutes can help lessen the swelling. Wrapping an elastic bandage around the foot and elevating the foot slightly above heart level while lying down can also reduce the swelling. Additionally, it is important to avoid walking on or using the foot. These measures are also helpful in addressing ankle inflammation due to trauma.
Arthritis is an example of a long-term medical issue that can produce chronic foot inflammation, states Foot Health Facts. Nonsurgical treatments for reducing the inflammation from arthritis include physical therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and lifestyle alterations such as losing weight and avoiding activities that exacerbate the inflammation, explains OrthoInfo.
Surgeons sometimes remove inflamed tissue, loose cartilage and bone spurs using a procedure called an arthroscopic debridement, OrthoInfo notes.