Treatments for foot calluses include trimming away excess skin, applying medication, utilizing shoe inserts, and having surgery, according to Mayo Clinic. Eliminating the friction that caused the callus usually allows the callus to resolve on its own.
A callus is an area of thickened skin that develops as a result of repetitive friction on the skin, and it may or may not be painful, advises eMedicineHealth. A doctor can remove the thickened skin during an office visit, states Mayo Clinic. Patients should not attempt this procedure themselves due to the risk of infection.
A doctor may recommend applying a patch containing salicylic acid to the callus to help dissolve the dead skin, indicates Mayo Clinic. Patients can obtain these patches without a prescription, or the doctor can prescribe a salicylic acid gel to cover a greater area. Removing dead skin with a pumice stone or emery board prior to applying a new patch is often helpful. If the doctor feels that infection is a risk, he may prescribe a topical antibiotic ointment.
If the callus is the result of a foot deformity, shoe inserts can help alleviate the pressure and friction, according to Mayo Clinic. Only rarely does a doctor advise a patient to undergo surgery to correct bone alignment abnormalities that cause calluses.