Treatments for fibromuscular dysplasia include medications, identifying and treating risk factors, angioplasty and surgery, explains Cleveland Clinic. The course of action ultimately depends on the health of the patient, any underlying conditions he has and the location of the narrowed artery, explains Mayo Clinic.
Anti-platelet medications to prevent blood clots and those that control blood pressure, such as angiotensin receptor blockers and ACE-inhibitors, are most common, explains Cleveland Clinic. Risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol. Patients must also stop smoking.
Percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty involves threading a wire to the artery, inserting a catheter with a balloon and inflating the balloon to open the narrowed part of the artery, explains Mayo Clinic. In complex and severe cases of the disease, surgery involves removing the blocked section of the artery or creating a bypass around the blockage to restore blood flow, according to Cleveland Clinic.