Dietary changes, exercise, surgery and therapies, such as biofeedback, bowel training and sacral nerve stimulation, treat fecal incontinence, states Mayo Clinic. Medications that lessen spontaneous bowel motion, anti-diarrheal drugs and laxatives are also used to treat fecal incontinence.
Drinking a large amount of fluids and eating foods that are rich in fiber are dietary changes that treat fecal incontinence, explains Mayo Clinic. Fluids remedy the constipation that causes fecal incontinence, and fiber adds bulk to stools if diarrhea is the cause of fecal incontinence. Biofeedback is a group of exercises that strengthen the anal muscles used to control bowel movements, bowel training establishes a specific time for bowel movements, and sacral nerve stimulation is a last resort treatment that strengthens muscles in the bowel with an implanted device.
Surgeries such as sphincteroplasty, sphincter repair, sphincter replacement and colostomy are also used to treat fecal incontinence, states Mayo Clinic. Sphincteroplasty tightens the sphincter by overlapping muscle edges to strengthen the muscle. Sphincter repair uses a muscle from the inner thigh to restore sphincter muscle tone, and an inflatable cuff is implanted around the anal canal in a sphincter replacement. Colostomy collects stool in a bag inserted through an opening in the abdomen and is typically only used when other surgical options have failed.