Treatments that exist for osteoporosis include medications such as biphosphates, denosumab and forteo, as well as estrogen replacement therapy for women or testosterone supplementation for men, states Mayo Clinic. Avoiding smoking, avoiding excessive alcohol consumption, and ensuring adequate intake of vitamin D and calcium can help prevent osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is a condition where the bones become very brittle, sometimes even to the point where coughing and other normal activities can cause fractures, explains Mayo Clinic. Normally, bone is constantly replaced as old bone breaks down, but in osteoporosis, this replacement is too slow to keep up. The disease is most common in white and Asian women past menopause, but it can occur in people of any sex or ethnicity. Early osteoporosis usually produces no symptoms, but as it progresses, it can cause back pain due to collapsed vertebrae, stooped posture and loss of height.
Risk factors for osteoporosis include family history of osteoporosis or a leaner body structure, says Mayo Clinic. Overactive thyroid glands, parathyroid glands or adrenal glands can also contribute to osteoporosis. People who suffer from eating disorders or those who have had gastrointestinal surgery for weight loss are also at higher risk. People with sedentary lifestyles tend to be more prone to osteoporosis.