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What are treatments for dystonia?

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Quick Answer

According to WebMD, dystonia is a movement disorder that causes a person's muscles to contract uncontrollably. The disease affects nearly 1 percent of the population and although there is no known cure, treatment options available to alleviate symptoms include using botulinum toxin, medications and therapy.

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Full Answer

In dystonia, muscles contract involuntarily causing the affected body part to display repetitive or twisting movements, according to the Mayo Clinic. Depending on the scope and severity of the disease, it can affect one or more parts of the body, but it tends to be more prevalent in the neck, face, hand and arms. It usually begins in one area of the body, such as a foot or hand, and tends to worsen with stress or fatigue, as further described by the Mayo Clinic. The most effective treatment for dystonia is the injection of botulinum toxins. Injecting the toxin into the affected area prevents muscles from contracting, thus alleviating uncontrolled movements. Several classes of drugs can be used to control dystonia symptoms by reacting with neurotransmitters to control muscle contractions and any accompanying repetitive, twisting movements. Physical therapy is another option that can be used to treat the disease. Physical therapy techniques, such as stress management, biofeedback therapy and using splints, all help to minimize the symptoms of dystonia, according to MedicineNet.

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