The treatments for diverticular colitis include eating a high-fiber diet, drinking lots of water throughout the day and participating in exercise activities, though some patients will also need to have an abscess drained or surgery to remove a fistula, notes WebMD and the Cleveland Clinic. It is important that people with diverticular colitis do not take laxative or use enemas, states WebMD.
Fistulas and abscesses are only present when complications occur with diverticulosis and therefore in many cases, draining of the abscess or surgery for the fistula is not necessary, notes WebMD. There are four stages of classification for patients. The first stage involves a confined paracolic abscess where the final fourth stage involves a fecal peritonitis. Draining and surgical treatment methods are often based on these classifications.
The diverticulosis disease means that there is chronic inflammation in the colon, according to the National Institutes of Health. The best treatment for diverticulosis involves taking actions that limit the inflammation and prevent further inflammation. This is why it is recommended that the high-fiber diet include 20 to 35 grams of fiber on a daily basis, states WebMD.
Foods that contain high-fiber include squash, whole grain breads, beans, cereals, cabbage, carrots, spinach, fruit, berries and crackers. Eating a high-fiber diet with plenty of water and exercise can help ease inflammation and eliminate symptoms. It is also important for the patient to remember that while trying to pass a bowel movement, the patient should not strain as this can cause unnecessary pressure on the colon that will make symptoms worse.