Effective treatments for type 1 diabetes include insulin injections or pumps, blood sugar monitoring, a healthy diet that distributes carbohydrates throughout the day, and frequent exercise, according to WebMD. Treatments for type 2 diabetes include blood sugar monitoring, diet, exercise and prescription medications.
Type 1 diabetes is commonly treated with insulin injections or pumps that are customized to the individual, explains WebMD. Insulin may be distributed as rapid-acting, short-acting, intermediate-acting or long-acting, depending on a person's diet, exercise level, or times of illness or stress. Frequent monitoring of blood sugar levels with a glucometer may help determine when insulin should be administered. Controlling the frequency of carbohydrate intake and regular exercise improves the body's use of insulin and also helps lower blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes is also effectively treated by using a glucometer to monitor blood sugar levels, reports WebMD. Generally, physicians recommend three small meals and three or four snacks throughout the day to balance sugars and insulin within the blood. Additionally, physicians recommend at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity each week, as well as strength training at least twice a week. Often, diet and exercise are not sufficient in controlling type 2 diabetes, and prescription medications that increase insulin production, decrease sugar absorption, or improve the body's use of insulin are required.