Talk therapy and medical regimens are the two primary categories of treatments for depression. Many people respond best to a combination of the two approaches, as making chemical changes to the body and discussing the issues with a trained therapist often combine to bring healing, as stated by WebMD.
Talk therapy involves such techniques as cognitive behavioral therapy, which helps patients identify links between behaviors or thought patterns and the ongoing depression; interpersonal therapy, focusing on the patient's relationships with others; and problem-solving therapy, aimed at solving the specific problems that are causing difficulties for the patient, according to WebMD.
Many different types of medications treat depression, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs; serotonergic antidepressants; serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, or SNRIs; tricyclic antidepressants, or TCAs; monoamine oxidase inhibitors, or MAOIs; and such other medications as buproprion, mirtazapine and trazodone. Each type of antidepressant manipulates chemicals in the body in a different way, and doctors often proceed by trial and error until they find the correct type for an individual patient. Side effects vary widely by type and can include sexual problems, anxiety, weight gain, dry mouth, nausea. With MAOIs, serious interactions with some foods and medications can occur, notes WebMD.