Treatments for dementia vary with its cause but include a variety of medicines as well as such nondrug treatments as managing rest and monitoring personal comfort. In the case of progressive forms of dementia like Alzheimer's disease, no treatment exists to reverse the condition, notes the Alzheimer's Association.
Nondrug approaches should be the first line of treatment when it comes to dementia. It is important to remember that a patient acting out is a sign that the disease is progressing. As a result, treatment focuses on eliminating stressors in the patient's environment. This means frequent checks for hunger, thirst, pain, constipation, fatigue, skin irritations and a full bladder. It is important to maintain a room temperature that is comfortable. When the person mentions something that is not true, it is important to avoid arguing about factual errors, explains the Alzheimer's Association.
Redirecting the patient's attention from stressful items or topics is important, as is remembering to respond to emotions rather than behaviors. Providing the patient with a security object centers him, and acknowledging and responding to requests ensure the patient's dignity. It is important not to take the behavior of the patient personally. When medications become necessary, they sometimes improve symptoms of dementia, but they do so only temporarily, according to the Alzheimer's Association.