Although there is no known cure for gout as of 2015, a treatment course for managing gout symptoms involves a combination of medication and lifestyle changes, states the Arthritis Foundation. Individuals who suffer from acute gout attacks should seek professional advice to design the best possible treatment plan that also addresses the patient's health status and treatment preferences.
Gout is a form of arthritis that develops due to an accumulation of uric acid in the blood. A classic symptom of a gout flare-up is sudden and severe pain from swollen joints. Doctors usually advise taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to ease physical discomfort and joint inflammation. These medications can also shorten the duration of the gout episode.
Individuals can readily purchase some NSAIDs without a prescription. Over-the-counter NSAIDs that effectively provide symptom relief from gout attacks contain the active ingredients ibuprofen and naproxen. More potent NSAIDs, such as indomethacin and celecoxib, require a prescription, notes Mayo Clinic. Colchicine and corticosteroids, which can either be taken orally or administered intravenously, are also recommended medications for the treatment of gout symptoms.
Certain medications can also prevent gout attacks from recurring or becoming long-term. These medications reduce or inhibit the production of uric acid in the body. Some of these products include allopurinol, febuxostat, probenecid and pegloticase. It should be noted that patients taking these medications should do so under the guidance of a physician, as certain drugs can cause adverse side effects.
Self-care strategies can also help alleviate the symptoms of acute gout attacks. These include using cold compresses to minimize pain and swelling, resting the affected joint, keeping hydrated and eating a healthy, balanced diet, suggests WebMD.