A coxsackievirus infection is treated by attempting to reduce pains and body aches caused by the condition, explains KidsHealth. Physicians may recommend acetaminophen to reduce fever and pain and fluids to prevent dehydration. Some patients may not require treatment beyond rest to recover from the virus. Antibiotics are not commonly prescribed because these medications only work to fight bacteria and are ineffective for viruses.
Coxsackievirus infections live in the digestive tract and are transmitted through surfaces contaminated by feces and exposure to infected individuals who are coughing and sneezing, according to KidsHealth. The virus is contagious during the first few days of the illness and can produce symptoms such as muscle aches, sore throats, nausea, abdominal discomfort, fever and a headache. Some children may not experience any symptoms. Patients with a fever can expect the infection to last approximately three days.
Coxsackievirus infections are a form of hand-foot-and-mouth disease and can be prevented by practicing good hygiene practices such as washing hands frequently and disinfecting toys, clothing and counters, explains KidsHealth. The virus can live on objects for days, which is why children should be kept home from school or day care when suffering from the condition, and all areas of the home should be cleaned to prevent further contamination.