Treatment for a compressed vertebrae includes pain medications, decreasing normal activities, bracing and surgery, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Anterior spine fusion and posterior approach are types of surgeries for a compressed vertebrae.
Pain medications reduce pain, and decreasing strenuous activity reduces strain on the vertebrae. Bracing is a back support, also known as orthosis, that restricts movement. It straightens the spine more than usual, taking the pressure off the vertebrae and preventing additional bone collapse, explains the University of Maryland Medical Center.
Surgery is required for a compressed vertebrae on rare occasions, such as if sudden and serious spine instability is evident. Surgery can involve removing bone fragments from the spinal cord to remove pressure, and then spine infusion. It can also involve using metal screws and rods to maintain the vertebrae's place until it heals, notes the University of Maryland Medical Center.
A compressed vertebrae, also known as a spinal cord compression, is caused by pressure on the spinal cord. The compression occurs anywhere in the cervical and lumbar spine, states Johns Hopkins Medicine. Abnormal spine alignment, spinal tumors, infections, rheumatoid arthritis and spinal injuries are causes of vertebral compression. Symptoms include pain in the neck and back; numbness in arms, hands and legs; and a foot weakness that causes a limp.