Doctors treat disorders that cause colon pain in a variety ways, such as recommending lifestyle changes and prescribing certain medications that control muscle spasms, according to Healthline. Treatments vary greatly among disorders since colon pain is a symptom of several conditions, including colon cancer, irritable bowel disorder and inflammatory bowel disease.
Inflammatory bowel disease is a general term for chronic inflammation of the intestines, according to Healthline. IBD comes in several forms, such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease and indeterminate colitis. Treating inflammatory bowel disease involves reducing the inflammation that triggers the signs and symptoms of the disorder, reports Mayo Clinic. While there is no known cure for IBD, treatment usually leads to symptom relief, reduced complication risks and long-term remission. Anti-inflammatory drugs, immune system suppressors, antibiotics and other medications are common drug therapy treatments for IBD. If these treatments don't relieve IBD symptoms, doctors often recommend surgery.
Irritable bowel syndrome is noninflammatory and is also known as spastic colon and irritable colon. Patients with IBS experience symptoms such as constipation, cramping, abdominal pain, diarrhea and bloating. IBS is considered a functional disorder and not a true disease like IBD. Relieving symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome include making lifestyle changes, such as eating smaller meals, exercising regularly, minimizing intake of caffeinated drinks, taking probiotics and avoiding spicy foods, notes Healthline.