The treatment given for chronic lymphocytic leukemia depends on the stage and the form of the disease as well as the overall health and symptoms experienced by the patient, states Mayo Clinic. Typically, treatment is composed of general chemotherapy in combination with drugs that specifically target the cancer cells. A bone marrow stem cell transplant may also be performed if chemotherapy is used to eliminate a patient's diseased blood stem cells.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a type of cancer that originates from the stem cells in the bone marrow that differentiate to become blood cells, according to the Canadian Cancer Society. There are few known factors that predispose someone to this disease, but a family history, exposure to certain chemicals and being male are all associated with the disease, says the American Cancer Society.
Treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukemia is often relatively successful, as the five-year survival rate for this disease is 84 percent in the United States, according to Cancer.net. There are actually some clinical subtypes of chronic lymphocytic leukemia that develop very slowly, and patients diagnosed with these forms of the disease are advised to simply monitor their condition and not receive treatment, says the American Cancer Society.