Some of the treatment methods for capsulitis in the foot include rest and ice, oral medications, splinting and stretching, according to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Other methods of treatment include shoe modifications, orthotic devices and surgery.
Capsulitis affects the ligaments in the toes, and staying off of the foot and using ice packs can help to reduce the pain and swelling of capsulitis, explains the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Use ice for about 20 minutes, and then wait about 40 minutes before icing the foot again. Over-the-counter medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, may also help to reduce inflammation and pain.
Splinting the foot is also a treatment that may work to treat capsulitis as it helps to keep the foot in the right position, claims the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Stretching is a good treatment for those who have calf tightness in addition to capsulitis. Modifying the shoes with stiff soles or inserts is also a treatment for capsulitis, and orthotic devices such as metatarsal pads and arch supports help to distribute weight on the feet. If none of these treatments work, surgery on the ligaments is possible, as this is the only way to get the affected toes back into a normal position.