Treatments for progressive bulbar palsy include assistive devices to help with speech and feeding tubes to enhance nutrition, according to the National Institutes of Health. Other treatments include medications that treat symptoms of bulbar palsy, such as sleep problems, pain, drooling, muscle spasms and weakness.
Doctors often prescribe muscle relaxant medications to reduce spasticity in bulbar palsy patients, notes the NIH. Doctors may also recommend botulinum toxin injections to treat drooling, jaw spasms or excessive salivation that the disease causes. Pain medications, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs help to ease the pain caused by bulbar palsy, although stronger medications, including morphine or opiates, often become necessary as the disease progresses.
Rehabilitation and physical therapy often help to slow muscle atrophy and weakness, prevent joint immobility and improve the patient’s posture, reports the NIH.