Individuals who are bitten by brown recluse spiders are advised to clean the area with soap and water, apply triple antibiotic cream, and then seek medical assistance immediately, explains WebMD. A medical professional can treat the wound area, prescribe antibiotics and recommend pain medications. Surgery is required occasionally.
Brown recluse spider bites can cause serious tissue damage, infection and scarring, states WebMD. For this reason, it's important to seek medical attention as soon as possible after a bite, especially when a child is bitten. Individuals are advised to kill the spider and bring it to the doctor's office if possible.
When a person arrives at the hospital after a brown recluse spider bite, the health care provider typically begins by evaluating the extent of the damage and confirming that the bite is indeed that of a brown recluse, explains eMedicineHealth. The patient may be given a tetanus shot, and dead tissue may be removed from the wound area to reduce the risk of bacterial infection. Antihistamines are often prescribed to keep itching under control. Typically, individuals are asked to return for daily follow-up visits for several days so that the healing progress can be monitored. If tissue death is extensive, people who have been bitten may need to follow up with a surgeon. Hospitalization may be required in cases where the bite causes systemic symptoms such as fever, vomiting and muscle pain.