Treatments for broken toes include taking certain medications, such as acetaminophen; immobilization, which includes wearing a shoe that has a stiff bottom and soft top; using a walking cast and taping the affected area; and reduction, a process of realigning broken pieces without incision, explains Mayo Clinic. In certain cases, a surgical procedure may help manipulate the broken fragments back together. Complications include osteoarthritis and infection.
Over-the-counter medications such as naproxen sodium and ibuprofen, including Advil and Motrin IB, may help alleviate pain that results from toe fractures, notes Mayo Clinic. Prescription medications may be necessary if the pain is severe.
A special post-surgical shoe may prevent the broken toe from bending and offer space for swelling, explains Mayo Clinic. Placing a gauze between broken toes before taping them helps prevent skin irritation. Wrapping ice in a towel, and placing it over the injured area for 20 minutes several times a day, may reduce pain as well. Raising the leg above the heart may also be helpful.
Hitting the toe against a hard surface or dropping a heavy item on it may cause fractures, according to Mayo Clinic. Signs and symptoms include swelling, pain and loss of color. Medical attention may be necessary if symptoms persist or cause difficulty walking.