BPH can be treated with medications, minimally invasive procedures and surgery, explains Mayo Clinic. Medications include alpha-blockers, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, tadalafil, and combination drug therapy. Minimally invasive procedures include transurethral resection of the prostate, transurethral microwave thermotherapy, transurethral incision of the prostate, transurethral needle ablation and laser therapy.
Other procedures include embolization, prostate lift and robot-assisted prostatectomy, according to Mayo Clinic. The type of treatment depends on the size of the prostate and the overall health, age and symptoms of the patient. Lifestyle modification can also help relieve some of the symptoms of BPH; this includes reducing caffeinated drinks and limiting beverages before bedtime. A bathroom schedule trains the bladder and can help relieve the symptoms of frequency and urgency. Patients who are obese may benefit from increased physical activity and a healthy diet.
BPH is prostate gland enlargement, a common condition that occurs in men as they age, explains Mayo Clinic. BPH affects the urinary system because a part of the urethra passes through the prostate. An enlarged prostate can block the flow of urine and cause symptoms that include urinary frequency, urgency and dribbling. Others include difficulty initiating a urine stream, incomplete bladder emptying, inability to urinate and blood in the urine. Some patients with BPH experience urinary retention, urinary tract infection, bladder damage and kidney damage.