Medications, dietary changes, exercise, sacral nerve stimulation and surgery treat bowel incontinence, states Mayo Clinic. Skin care such as washing after a bowel movement and drying the anus thoroughly prevents further discomfort and odor related to bowel incontinence.
Medications such as anti-diarrheal drugs, laxatives and medications that reduce spontaneous bowel motions treat bowel incontinence, explains Mayo Clinic. Drinking a large amount of fluids and eating foods rich in fiber treats bowel incontinence caused by constipation and diarrhea. Biofeedback and kegel exercises treat bowel incontinence by strengthening the pelvic floor and anal muscles, and bowel training gives greater control to an individualﾒs bowel movements. Sacral nerve stimulation sends electrical impulses to the rectal and anal sphincter muscles to build muscle strength continually in the bowel.
Surgeries are used to correct an underlying issue causing bowel incontinence such as sphincter damage caused by childbirth or rectal prolapse, according to Mayo Clinic. Sphincteroplasty repairs a weakened or damaged anal sphincter by releasing the edges of an injured muscle area and overlapping the muscle to tighten the sphincter. Surgical procedures to correct a rectocele, rectal prolapse or hemorrhoids also treat bowel incontinence, and sphincter replacement replaces a damaged anal sphincter with an artificial one. Sphincter repair treats bowel incontinence by wrapping muscle from the inner thigh around the sphincter to strengthen muscle tone, and a colostomy is a last resort treatment for bowel incontinence.