When damage and deformity occurs, bone spurs can be treated by surgically replacing or repairing a joint, bunion or heel spur, according to WebMD. Most patients receive treatment for the causes and symptoms of bone spurs if pain or tissue damage does not exist.
Treatment for symptoms of bone spurs includes stretching, anti-inflammatory drugs, ice and rest, according to WebMD. Padding or shoe inserts may also reduce the risk of corns or calluses due to bone spurs. Symptoms that persist may require a corticosteroid injection to reduce inflammation and pain. Physicians may also suggest treating the causes of bone spurs, advising patients to increase stretching in the affected area and to lose weight in order to reduce the pressure on the joints, according to WebMD.