Treatment for back cysts, or spinal cysts, includes monitoring cysts for growth, draining infected or enlarged cysts using a scalpel and performing surgery when necessary, according to WebMD. Most cysts do not cause noticeable symptoms, and therefore require no medical action. However, some cysts grow over time or become infected, requiring treatment with injections of corticosteroid medication or draining.
Most physicians prefer treating spinal cysts with conservative measures before resorting to surgery. Cysts may suddenly appear then disappear, rendering physical intervention unnecessary. Most spinal cysts do not produce symptoms, according to the Oregon Health and Science University . Symptom-free cysts pose little health risk and do not reduce quality of life, making removal unnecessary.
Depending on the size and location on the spine, however, cysts may produce symptoms. These symptoms include dizziness, lower back pain, weakness in the back or legs and difficulty controlling bladder and bowel movements. When symptoms are present, surgeons generally recommend cyst removal. They may remove cysts using minimally invasive procedures, reserving surgery as a last resort.
Cysts form as fluid-filled sacs, and generally appear toward the tailbone. Unlike cancerous masses, cysts do not threaten health. However, they become uncomfortable and noticeable upon expansion, when they press on surrounding nerves. In addition to the spine, cysts may appear elsewhere on the body, and receive the same treatment.