What treatments are available for vascular dementia?


Quick Answer

Specific treatments for vascular dementia do not exist as of 2015, but FDA-approved medications for Alzheimer's patients can be modestly beneficial, states the Mayo Clinic. Among these are cholinesterase inhibitors, such as donepezil, that boost the level of a brain cell chemical messenger related to memory and judgement.

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What treatments are available for vascular dementia?
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Full Answer

The use of cholinesterase inhibitors may lead to side effects that include nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and diarrhea, according to the Mayo Clinic. Memantine is drug that regulates a brain cell chemical messenger responsible for information processing, storage and retrieval. Its side effects include headache, constipation, confusion and dizziness. One of the most important methods of slowing the progress of vascular dementia is addressing the patient's cardiovascular health. Lowering blood pressure, reducing cholesterol and removing clots can slow the worsening of symptoms or prevent further decline.

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