Medications are commonly used to suppress the symptoms of colitis and prevent future flare ups, reports the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America. A diet reducing the amount of fiber and spicy foods may alleviate some symptoms of colitis, while surgical excision of the colon is necessary in some cases.
Medication is prescribed to individuals suffering from ulcerative colitis to reduce inflammation in their colon and allow it to begin to heal, according to the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America. These medications have significant effects on the bleeding, diarrhea, and abdominal pain associated with colitis, while other classes of medications decrease the frequency these flare ups occur. Attention to diet is important for those suffering from ulcerative colitis, as a specific food may cause symptoms and should be identified and eliminated. Often, bland, non spicy foods are well tolerated by those with the condition, while high-fiber foods aggravate symptoms. Proper nutrition should be emphasized, as colitis often reduces appetite but increases the body's energy requirements.
Two possible surgical treatments for ulcerative colitis are available, adds the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America. One procedure removes the entire colon and rectum, requiring an external bag for feces. A newer procedure removes the colon but also creates an internal pouch from small bowel tissue. This procedure eliminates the need for an external bag for body waste.