Q:

What treatments are available for sinus infection?

A:

Quick Answer

Treatments for sinus infections include antibiotics, allergy shots, antihistamines and nasal corticosteroid sprays. It will be important to note, however, that most sinus infections resolve on their own and the National Institutes for Health's MedlinePlus recommends self-care treatments to ease nasal congestion and to make the symptoms more bearable.

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Full Answer

Also known as sinusitis, nasal infection is a condition wherein the sinuses become infected because of the accumulation of bacteria, viruses or fungi within the blocked sinuses. The sinuses may be blocked because of a cold, an allergy, polyps in the nasal cavity and a deviated septum. Blockage may also be caused by mucus buildup due to the inability of the cilia within the sinuses to move the mucus out.

According to MedlinePlus, sinusitis is considered "acute" if the symptoms lasts for no more than 4 weeks, and "chronic" if the symptoms lasts for three months or longer. Sinusitis often develops after a bout of cold. Its symptoms include losing the sense of smell, cough worsens at nighttime, fever, headache, fatigue and nasal drips.

MedlinePlus advises the following self-care techniques to ease the symptoms in individuals with sinusitis.

  • Warm compresses to the face several times a day
  • Increased water intake
  • Steam inhalation several times a day
  • Nasal flushing
  • Using a humidifier
  • Using nasal saline sprays
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