Medication, self-care techniques, and treating any contributing conditions are usually the treatment options for restless leg syndrome as of 2015, according to WebMD. There is no cure for RLS, but treatment can alleviate symptoms.
The doctor usually starts treating RLS by ruling out underlying conditions that may be causing the symptoms, WebMD reports. A variety of conditions, including Parkinson's disease, varicose veins, kidney disease and nutritional deficiencies, can contribute to RLS symptoms. If another condition is causing the RLS, the doctor attempts to treat it to relieve the symptoms.
Some self-care measures may also be helpful in alleviating RLS symptoms, WebMD states. The doctor may advise the avoidance of common triggers, such as caffeine, nicotine and alcohol. Patients may try massage, exercise or taking a hot or cold bath to relieve the symptoms. Changing sleep schedules can also help. Many patients experience fewer symptoms between 4 a.m. and 6 a.m., so sometimes sleeping later allows them to get the rest they need.
If the patient has RLS symptoms more than three times a week, the doctor is likely to prescribe medication, WebMD says. Depending on the frequency and severity of the symptoms, the doctor prescribes daily medication or may advise the patient take medication only when experiencing symptoms.